Dating Videos Best Method For Searching Compatible Partner

Posted by on September 2, 2014

Submitted by: Charles Arron

It is very easy to meet and dating with people through internet. You can easily find the perfect match for you through the online dating process. Men have many questions about the ladies. Sometimes it become so touch to decide whether the lady is real and suits with you after saw her picture online, because you can t judge the person s behavior on behalf of the photo. The body language of the person will tell you how the person is in real.

To overcome this issue Dating Videos are developed. With the help of these videos it becomes easy to analyze the person s movements and behavior. People who want to marry or dating with the person, who belongs to the different country, can easily meet with them through this online dating process. The internet has opened up all the facilities and possibilities to meet and dating with people. There are lots of dating sites available on the internet that allows the men and women to chat, find and meet with the people. You can easily access this dating site by creating your own profile on it. Most of people these days do not have time to search partner for their own, they make own profile on the dating site and update it day by day. If someone likes their profile then he/she do contact.

It is your choice to start conversation with your partner after read their profile or after watched their video. There are different types of dating sites available. Choose site depend on your search like:

Dating through videos: These show the performance of one person which viewed by another person.

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Blind date: You have not met the person previously.

Speed dating: Dating instantly which decide in few minutes

Online dating: It is common in today s youngster who searches their partner through internet.

Virtual dating : This is the combination of online dating and video game playing which involve use of avatars that give natural environment

The above five kinds of dating will help you in finding the partner of your own choice. You can also get online dating tips through the online dating assistant websites. Today the most common is dating is through videos. Main purpose of these Dating Videos is to improve the result in matchmaking and increase the contact whether it can be via telephone, chat and video so that it become easy to find the true love, understanding and romantic partner.

It is very easy to meet and dating with people through internet. You can easily find the perfect match for you through the online dating process. Men have many questions about the ladies. Sometimes it become so touch to decide whether the lady is real and suits with you after saw her picture online, because you can t judge the person s behavior on behalf of the photo. The body language of the person will tell you how the person is in real.

To overcome this issue Dating Videos are developed. With the help of these videos it becomes easy to analyze the person s movements and behavior. People who want to marry or dating with the person, who belongs to the different country, can easily meet with them through this online dating process. The internet has opened up all the facilities and possibilities to meet and dating with people. There are lots of dating sites available on the internet that allows the men and women to chat, find and meet with the people. You can easily access this dating site by creating your own profile on it. Most of people these days do not have time to search partner for their own, they make own profile on the dating site and update it day by day. If someone likes their profile then he/she do contact.

About the Author: Charles Arron is author of this article. To know more about dating videos, online dating videos and other videos, please visit

mystudio.net/AllVideo.aspx?CatId=14

and

mystudio.net/AllVideo.aspx?CatId=28

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Marokkanischer König kündigt Autonomie für die West-Sahara an

Posted by on September 1, 2014

El Aaiún (West-Sahara) / Rabat (Marokko), 02.04.2006 – Marokkos König Mohammed VI. ist seit einem fünftägigen Besuch in der West-Sahara letzte Woche bereit, dem Gebiet eine Autonomie zu gewähren. Er gab den Experten in seinem Land den Auftrag auszuarbeiten, wie diese Autonomie künftig aussehen könne. Mohammed VI. möchte diesen Entwurf noch im April 2006 an die Vereinten Nationen übergeben. Bereits im Vorfeld hat jedoch die Polisario den Entwurf abgelehnt. Mit einer Autonomie sind sie nicht einverstanden, sie fordern die vollkommene Eigenständigkeit des Staates DARS („Demokratische Arabische Republik Sahara“). Dazu ist wiederum Mohammed VI. nicht bereit. Wörtlich sagte der König: „Wir werden nicht einmal einen Meter unserer geliebten Wüste aufgeben.“

Im Jahr 1976 hatte die Befreiungsorganisation „Frente Popular para la Liberacion de Saguia el Hamra y Rio de Oro“, bekannt als „POLISARIO“, in der West-Sahara die DARS ausgerufen. Ein Jahr zuvor hatte Spanien das Gebiet aus seiner Verwaltung entlassen. Marokko besetzte das Gebiet im November 1975 daraufhin. Eine vollkommene Einverleibung der West-Sahara in den Staat Marokko ist international umstritten. Weltweit erkennen mehrere Staaten die DARS als eigenständige Republik an. Im Jahr 2002 hatte die UNO-Sicherheitsrats-Resolution Nr. 1429 das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Bevölkerung der West-Sahara bestätigt. Ein vom ehemaligen US-Außenminister James Baker initiierter Plan über ein Referendum in der West-Sahara wurde von der Exilregierung der DARS mit Sitz in Algerien anerkannt, Marokko lehnte ihn ab. Zwischen der Polisario und Marokko bestehen deshalb Spannungen, die auch nach einem offiziellen Waffenstillstand im Jahr 1991 nicht ganz ausgeräumt werden konnten.

Zusätzlich zur Anerkennung der Autonomie sieht die UNO-Resolution vor, dass die Bevölkerung bis zum Jahr 2008 in einem Referendum entscheiden soll, ob sie zu Marokko gehören möchte oder vollkommen unabhängig werden will. Das Referendum geht auf einen Vorschlag der UNO vom 30. August 1988 zurück, den Marokko und die Polisario akzeptiert hatten. Der Vorschlag umfasste eine Waffenruhe und ein Referendum über die Selbstbestimmung. Ob das Referendum zustande kommt, ist derzeit aufgrund eines Streits über die Wahlberechtigung bei der Volksabstimmung noch unklar. Marokko besteht darauf, dass zahlreiche Marokkaner, die sich in der in der Westsahara angesiedelt haben, an der Volksabstimmung teilnehmen dürfen, die Polisario setzt sich dafür ein, dass die aus ihrer Sicht „falschen Sahraouis“ nicht am Referendum teilnehmen dürfen.

In einer Resolution des Europäischen Parlaments aus dem Jahr 2005, die auf einen Antrag der SPE-Fraktion zurückgeht, werden Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch Marokko beanstandet, die ebenfalls von Marokko als nicht zutreffend abgelehnt werden. Die Resolution des Europäischen Parlaments beruft sich auf Berichte von amnesty international und der Weltorganisation gegen Folter (OMTC). Die Resolution äußert aber auch Anerkennung hinsichtlich der Fortschritte Marokkos beim Folterverbot.

Das Interesse Marokkos an der West-Sahara begründet das Königreich mit Jahrhunderte langen historischen Bindungen. Ökonomische Interessen könnten auch eine Rolle im Konflikt spielen. Im Oktober 2002 wurde ein Vertrag zwischen der Marokkanischen Regierung und dem französischen Erdölkonzern TotalFinaElf sowie dem US-Konzern Kerr-McGee bekannt, in dem es um die Erschließung von Erdölvorkommen geht, die vor der Küste der Westsahara vermutet werden. Die Regierung der Republik DARS hingegen möchte die Förderung des Erdöls unterbinden und hat dazu die Unterstützung der Vereinten Nationen angefordert. Zudem gibt es in der West-Sahara Phosphatvorkommen. Der Abbau von Phosphat ist neben der nomadischen Landwirtschaft die zentrale Einnahmequelle der sahaurischen Bevölkerung.

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Posted by on September 1, 2014

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Posted by on August 31, 2014

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Airbus Helicopters.

Posted by on August 20, 2014

Submitted by: Anthony Mmeri

Airbus Helicopters scored 78 bookings which underscored the competitiveness of its product line-with acquisitions covering rotor craft that range from the workhorse EC225 and the AS350 B2 and B3e; to the next-generation EC175, along with the new EC145 T2 and the evolved EC225e and AS332 C1e versions.

Included in this new business are key transactions with leasing companies, underscoring their increasing importance in the rotor craft sector.

Also announced at Heli-Expo were Airbus Helicopters expanded services solutions, incorporating such elements as Level D full-flight simulators for the EC175,plus new and enhanced information services, the cloud-based helicopter maintenance information, and a standardization of services for helicopter upgrades.

The new EC175-which was certified in January for deliveries beginning later this year-logged 14 orders with announcements at Heli-Expo .Noordzee Helicopters Vlaanderen (NHV) ,a launch customer is adding six to its previous order for 10 of the mid-sized ,twin-engine helicopters ; Lease Corporation International (LCI) ,a new Airbus Helicopters customer, is acquiring up to six EC175s and CHI Aviation purchased two of the rotor craft.

As a versatile rotor craft with Airbus Helicopters new Helionix avionics suite, the EC175 is claimed to the industry s benchmark medium-sized twin-engine helicopter for a variety of missions, including transport duties in oil and gas operations, corporate and executive transport, search and rescue, emergency medical services and public services.

The EC145 T2, which is another new Airbus Helicopters rotor craft to enter service in 2014, expanded its order book by a 25-rotorcraft booking from Way point Leasing. This latest-evolution member of the twin-engine EC145 family combines the company s latest technologies, including an advanced cockpit design and modern Helionix avionics, four-axis autopilot and Airbus Helicopters signature Fenestron shrouded tail rotor.

For the workhorse EC225 and the new EC225e, orders were announced for 27 helicopters .Way point Leasing gave an important vote of confidence ,placing an order for 12 of these high performance ,heavy twin-engine helicopters ,while Lease Corporation International booked as many as 15.

At Heli-Expo, Airbus Helicopters launched the enhanced EC225e Super Puma family version that features new Turbomeca Makila 2B turbo shaft engines, more payload, an additional fuel tank for very long range flights, a new cabin layout for improved passenger comfort and new systems to significantly increase pilot s situational awareness while reducing workload. Certification of the EC225e is targeted for late 2015, followed by the start-up of deliveries in mid-2016.

Meanwhile, Pratt & Whitney Canada took advantage of the Heli-Expo to feature the PT6C-67E .Which powers the EC175.The power plant has been especially designed for the medium-sized twin market, and is equipped with the latest technology dual-channel FADEC control system to optimize pilot workload.

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The PT6C-67E also includes new technologies to provide reliable starting with excellent emissions, especially low Nox levels, and very low smoke.

After having technically supported the demo tour of the EC175 in the United States and Asia in 2013, Pratt & Whitney Canada (P& WC) is now putting additional effort into the entry into service of this helicopter by deploying the necessary technical support and services via its worldwide network of over P&WC owned and designated service facilities and its extensive team of more than 100 field support representatives located close to the operators bases.

Airbus-SONAIR

Milestone Aviation Group, a global leader in helicopter leasing, and SonAir, the largest African helicopter operator and a subsidiary of the Angolan national oil company Sonangol, have announced the initiation of a long-term partnership employing three Airbus Helicopter EC225s which are to join the SonAir oil and gas fleet in Angola.

Deliveries of the new EC225s are imminent with the helicopters joining Airbus Helicopters-built EC225, AS332 L2 and AS365 N3 rotor craft already in the SonAir fleet.

The Milestone Aviation Group is headquartered in Dublin, Ireland, and has concluded more than US $ 2-billion in lease transactions with customers that range from the largest global helicopter users to small-and-mid-sized operators.

SonAir is one of the world s great helicopter operators, and Angola is an important and growing region for offshore oil and gas production, said Milestone chairman and CEO, Richard Santulli.

The EC225 is Airbus Helicopters latest version in its Super Puma family, providing a high-performance rotor craft in the 10-11 metric ton category .This heavy twin-engine helicopter s modern technologies ,excellent useful load, five-blade main rotor and low vibration levels make it an efficient solution for oil and gas missions-including offshore and passenger transport as well as search and rescue (SAR) operations.

Russian Helicopters

The giant Russian Helicopters company, which is a subsidiary of Oboronprom, part of state Corporation Rostec, took advantage of Heli Expo 2014 to showcase its current model range alongside upcoming models. Two new models- the Mi-171A2 and Mi-38-were at the centre of the company s display.

The Mi-17A2, the newest addition to the Mi-8/17 range, has been designed using the latest advances in aerospace technology, and incorporates more than 100 technological innovations.

The helicopter was developed based on feedback from Mi-8/17 operators and draws on years of operational experience of these helicopters around the world.

This approach means the Mi-17A2 is more economical and commercially profitable to run, which will help strengthen Russian Helicopters position as a leader in the medium-class helicopter segment.

The second new model, the multirole transport-and passenger-carrier Mi-38, can fly complex missions. Its spacious cabin, low levels of noise and vibrations and numerous innovations make the Mi-38 one of the most comfortable and safest helicopters in its class. It has a cruising speed of 160 knots and range of 650 nautical miles.

Over 8000 helicopters of Soviet/Russian origin are operated in 110 countries worldwide. Traditionally the demand is highest in the Middle East, Africa, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Russia, and CIS countries.

Vector Aerospace

This company had a custom-modified integrated cockpit on display at Heli-Expo, which reduces pilot workload and provides improved features including maps, weather radar, maintenance page, and warning annunciations.

The cockpit consists of two Sagem 10-inch MFD (EI indication) and two Sagem 10-inch PFDs for right or left hand seat operations, and is just one example of Vector s full UH-1H upgrade capabilities.

Vector Aerospace s comprehensive helicopter service portfolio includes: dynamic components, full-service avionics capability up to and including glass cockpit engineering, development and integration, complete development and integration, complete aircraft rewires, as well as airframes and major inspections support for a variety of Airbus, Sikorsky, Boeing and Bell helicopter models; Rolls-Royce M250; Rolls-Royce T56/501D ; Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6T Series engines; Turbomeca Arriel 1 and Arriel 2 and General Electric T58/CT58 and CT-7A/T700 engines ( all engine lines include test capability).

Universal Avionics

This company sees increased interest from Super Puma operators to support offshore operations and showcased its multi-mission management system retrofit programme for the helicopter type at the expo.

It says that requests for flight management systems (FMS) with mission support have increased recently, most notably among offshore and SAR operators of Airbus Helicopters AS332L and AS332L1 Super Puma models. Universal Avionics multi-mission management system (MMMS) is the company s flagship special mission FMS for installation in these helicopter models.

These modifications were recently installed and are now operational on three CHC aircraft configured for offshore operations. They are said to provide unprecedented operational capabilities and deliver outstanding value to operators who need cutting-edge modifications and upgrades to support a wide range of critical missions.

About the Author: Anthony A Juma is the Editor and Director Commercial and Flights Operations at Wings Over Africa Aviation Limited. This is an Air Charter Company that specializes on Business Aviation On Helicopters. The website has guided thousands of travelers to achieve their dream holiday. For more information and guidance, visit the site at

wingsoverafrica-aviation.com/index.php/our-fleet.html

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UK public sector workers strike over pension rights

Posted by on August 19, 2014

Wednesday, March 29, 2006  Local Government workers in the UK withdrew their labour yesterday as part of a dispute over pension entitlements. The members of 11 different trades unions were involved in the 24hr strike. As the day began they declared that support for the strike was solid. Although the strikers work for local councils, their pay and conditions are agreed nationally. The Local Government Association which represents the local councils in England and Wales declared predictions that 1.5 million people would stay away from work as “wildly optimistic”.

The Unions’ complaint is that local government workers are being treated unfavourably compared to other public sector employees. They say that agreements on pensions that have been reached with civil servants, teachers and health workers will allow those staff to continue to retire at 60 while local government staff will be forced to work until they are 65. Civil servants work for national government, teachers work for local councils but have their own pension arrangements and most health workers are employed by the state-controlled National Health Service.

The Local Government Association claims that if council workers continue to be able to retire at 60, it will increase the levels of Council Tax (a tax on people living in properties which funds a proportion of local government expenditure) by 2%.

The striking workers provide a wide range of services from assisting teachers in the class room, through inspecting kitchens for hygiene to provising care to the vulnerable in society. In some places council workers collect tolls for road tunnels or manage ferries. Mainstream media have reported on the strike all day with heavy coverage of disruption to commuters where transport has been affected. The unions have emphasised the large number of their members who are women working in low paid jobs.

The Government which regulates the scheme claimed that the early retirement provisions (called the rule of 85) were age-discriminatory and had to be removed.

The strike ended at midnight. The Unions have not declared any further strike days.

The Unions involved were AEP, AMICUS, CYWU, GMB, NAPO, NIPSA, NUJ, NUT, TGWU, UCATT and UNISON.

wanker

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Chef who appeared on Gordon Ramsay’s ‘Kitchen Nightmares’ commits suicide

Posted by on August 19, 2014

Wednesday, September 29, 2010 

Joseph Cerniglia, a chef who had appeared on Gordon Ramsay’s television show Kitchen Nightmares, has commited suicide. Cerniglia was the owner of Italian restaurant Campania. He jumped off a bridge into the Hudson river on the New York–New Jersey border. At the time of filming in 2007, Cerniglia owed suppliers $80,000.

Officials reported that 39-year-old Cerniglia had jumped off of the George Washington Bridge into the Hudson. His death has officially been ruled as suicide. His body was retrieved from the river after reports of a man jumping off of the bridge.

Ramsay released a statement to the Press Association saying “I was fortunate to spend time with Joe during the first season of Kitchen Nightmares. Joe was a brilliant chef, and our thoughts go out to his family, friends and staff.”

Cerniglia told Ramsay about his personal debt when he came to the restaurant in 2007. He said “I am financially in trouble. The debt of the restaurant alone is overwhelming. My personal debt — wife, kids, mortgage — that’s a lot of debt”.

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UK public sector workers strike over pension rights

Posted by on August 18, 2014

Wednesday, March 29, 2006  Local Government workers in the UK withdrew their labour yesterday as part of a dispute over pension entitlements. The members of 11 different trades unions were involved in the 24hr strike. As the day began they declared that support for the strike was solid. Although the strikers work for local councils, their pay and conditions are agreed nationally. The Local Government Association which represents the local councils in England and Wales declared predictions that 1.5 million people would stay away from work as “wildly optimistic”.

The Unions’ complaint is that local government workers are being treated unfavourably compared to other public sector employees. They say that agreements on pensions that have been reached with civil servants, teachers and health workers will allow those staff to continue to retire at 60 while local government staff will be forced to work until they are 65. Civil servants work for national government, teachers work for local councils but have their own pension arrangements and most health workers are employed by the state-controlled National Health Service.

The Local Government Association claims that if council workers continue to be able to retire at 60, it will increase the levels of Council Tax (a tax on people living in properties which funds a proportion of local government expenditure) by 2%.

The striking workers provide a wide range of services from assisting teachers in the class room, through inspecting kitchens for hygiene to provising care to the vulnerable in society. In some places council workers collect tolls for road tunnels or manage ferries. Mainstream media have reported on the strike all day with heavy coverage of disruption to commuters where transport has been affected. The unions have emphasised the large number of their members who are women working in low paid jobs.

The Government which regulates the scheme claimed that the early retirement provisions (called the rule of 85) were age-discriminatory and had to be removed.

The strike ended at midnight. The Unions have not declared any further strike days.

The Unions involved were AEP, AMICUS, CYWU, GMB, NAPO, NIPSA, NUJ, NUT, TGWU, UCATT and UNISON.

wanker

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Before You Re Missed In All The Parties Gynecomastia

Posted by on August 11, 2014

Submitted by: Allure Medspa

What people think about you is the most important thing in your life. People just don t know the realities; they know the perceptions of those realities. You may be very intelligent man but who cares, People form their opinions about you by the way you look.

The smartest thing to do is to control your image by your perfect figure.Your image is important in office, in your personal life. To be very practical, I suggest working more on your body than your soul because majority of people see your body and hardly anybody reaches your soul. It does the same for you.It works more on your body and change, your image in the minds of people around you. You feel that my life has changed from the worst to the best.

YouTube Preview Image

Many people I have seen are unable to accept themselves in their current form. Of course, how can anybody accept a life without any happiness? The great problems are those problems which male boobs cause not it itself. Already everybody is struggling for their little happiness; these problems seem to add hell lot of problems to another heap of problems. Sometimes men feel helpless to fight against these big heaps of problems in lives.

It has not been the same for those who have gone through male boobs problem. When their chest looks huge, people don t miss firing comments. These comments are what people think about you. I am sure if you receive this type of comments every day, you too are forced to believe that you really look like lady when it comes to your chest. I am aware that people are insensitive in this matter. If you forget for a moment you dear friends don t miss to remind you about your woman like breast.How much pleasure they draw in mocking your physique is immeasurable. They spread it all around because they enjoy it very much.

When all people think the same way about your physique, Gynecomastia helps you to bound feel sheer pressure and also to be led to depression because body is something you always carry with you, if there is any defect in it, its effect is thousand times more than any defect which is hidden. You are helpless but to advertise your own biggest weakness. What I am talking is not something anyone should ignore.Because ignoring it will eventually will lead you to the unhappy life of those who are suffering from it. Ignoring it means putting whole your happiness and luck at risk. I don t think anything else matters more than all your happiness in stock.

Before you start missing from parties, and public life, before people make you feel the worst person ever on planet, before you lose your respect completely, before you hurt future of your family, before people make you feel like you are worth nothing, I suggest you to wake up. Be smart and opt for the medical procedure called Gynecomastia surgery, which is the smartest answer to all serious questions of your life.

About the Author: Alluremedspa, ISO Certified Cosmetic surgery center offers world class cosmetic surgery and treatments at affordable price cost in Mumbai, India.

alluremedspa.in/cosmetic-surgery/breast-surgery/gynecomastia.html

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Wikipedia:Policies and guidelines

Posted by on August 11, 2014

Wikipedia policies and guidelines are developed by the community to describe best practice, clarify principles, resolve conflicts, and otherwise further our goal of creating a free, reliable encyclopedia. There is no need to read any policy or guideline pages to start editing. The five pillars is a popular summary of the most pertinent principles.

Although Wikipedia does not employ hard-and-fast rules, Wikipedia policy and guideline pages describe its principles and best-known practices. Policies explain and describe standards that all users should normally follow, while guidelines are meant to outline best practices for following those standards in specific contexts. Policies and guidelines should always be applied using reason and common sense.

This policy page specifies the community standards related to the organization, life cycle, maintenance of, and adherence to policies, guidelines, and related pages.

Wikipedia is operated by the not-for-profit Wikimedia Foundation, which reserves certain legal rights (see here for a list of its policies). See also Role of Jimmy Wales. Nevertheless, normally Wikipedia is a self-governing project run by its community. Its policies and guidelines are intended to reflect the consensus of the community.

Policies have wide acceptance among editors and describe standards that all users should normally follow. All policy pages are in Wikipedia:List of policies and guidelines and Category:Wikipedia policies. For summaries of key policies, see also List of policies.

Guidelines are sets of best practices that are supported by consensus. Editors should attempt to follow guidelines, though they are best treated with common sense, and occasional exceptions may apply. Guideline pages can be found in Wikipedia:List of policies and guidelines and Category:Wikipedia guidelines. For summaries of key guidelines, see also List of guidelines.

Essays are the opinion or advice of an editor or group of editors (such as a WikiProject) for which widespread consensus has not been established. They do not speak for the entire community and may be created and written without approval. Essays that the author does not want others to edit, or that are found to contradict widespread consensus, belong in the user namespace. See Wikipedia:Essays.

Other pages that can be found in the Wikipedia: namespace include community process pages (which facilitate application of the policies and guidelines), historical pages,[1] WikiProject pages, or help pages (also found in the Help namespace), community discussion pages and noticeboards. These pages are not policies or guidelines, although they may contain valuable advice or information.

Use common sense when interpreting and applying policies and guidelines; there will be occasional exceptions to these rules. Conversely, those who violate the spirit of a rule may be reprimanded even if no rule has technically been broken.

Whether a policy or guideline is an accurate description of best practice is determined by the community through consensus.

On discussion pages and in edit summaries, shortcuts are often used to refer to policies and guidelines. For example, WP:NOR, WP:NPOV, and WP:LIVE. Similar shortcuts are sometimes also used for other types of project page. A shortcut does not necessarily imply that the page linked to has policy or guideline status. Additionally, remember that the shortcut is not the policy; the plain-English definition of the page’s title or shortcut may be importantly different from the linked page.

Enforcement on Wikipedia is similar to other social interactions. If an editor violates the community standards described in policies and guidelines, other editors can persuade the person to adhere to acceptable norms of conduct, over time resorting to more forceful means, such as administrator and steward actions. In the case of gross violations of community norms, they are likely to resort to more forceful means fairly rapidly. Going against the principles set out on these pages, particularly policy pages, is unlikely to prove acceptable, although it may be possible to convince fellow editors that an exception ought to be made. This means that individual editors (including you) enforce and apply policies and guidelines.

In cases where it is clear that a user is acting against policy (or against a guideline in a way that conflicts with policy), especially if they are doing so intentionally and persistently, that user may be temporarily or indefinitely blocked from editing by an administrator. In cases where the general dispute resolution procedure has been ineffective, the Arbitration Committee has the power to deal with highly disruptive or sensitive situations.

Policy and guideline pages should:

Wikipedia has many policies and guidelines about encyclopedic content. These standards require verifiability, neutrality, respect for living people, and more.

The policies, guidelines, and process pages themselves are not part of the encyclopedia proper. Consequently, they do not generally need to conform with the content standards. It is therefore not necessary to provide reliable sources to verify Wikipedia’s administrative pages, or to phrase Wikipedia procedures or principles in a neutral manner, or to cite an outside authority in determining Wikipedia’s editorial practices. Instead, the content of these pages is controlled by community-wide consensus, and the style should emphasize clarity, directness, and usefulness to other editors.[2]

These pages do, however, need to comply with Wikipedia’s legal and behavioral policies, as well as policies applicable to non-content pages. For example, editors may not violate copyrights anywhere on Wikipedia, and edit warring is prohibited everywhere, not merely in encyclopedia articles.

Many of the most well-established policies and guidelines have developed from principles which have been accepted as fundamental since Wikipedia’s inception. Others developed as solutions to common problems and disruptive editing. Policy and guideline pages are seldom established without precedent,[3] and always require strong community support. Policies and guidelines may be established through new proposals, promotion of existing essays or guidelines, and reorganization of existing policies and guidelines through splitting and merging.

Essays and information pages may be established by writing them and adding {{essay}}, {{Information page}}, or similar templates to the page.

Current policy and guideline proposals can be found in Category:Wikipedia proposals, and rejected proposals can be found in Category:Wikipedia rejected proposals. All editors are welcome to comment on these proposals.

Proposals for new guidelines and policies require discussion and a high level of consensus from the entire community for promotion to guideline or policy. Adding the {{policy}} template to a page without the required consensus does not mean that the page is policy, even if the page summarizes or copies policy. Most commonly, a new policy or guideline simply documents existing practices, rather than proposing a change to them. Request for comments (RfC) via the {{rfc|policy}} tag are recommended to draw wider attention to a proposed new policy or guideline in order to build consensus. Consensus for significant changes to practice are rarely accomplished through polling, and new policies and guidelines are not “approved” through polling, though sometimes polling is used to gauge wider consensus on a well-developed proposal.

The first step is to write the best initial proposal that you can. Authors can request early-stage feedback at Wikipedia’s village pump for idea incubation and from any relevant WikiProjects. Amendments to a proposal should be discussed on its talk page. It is crucial to improve a proposal in response to feedback received from outside editors. Consensus is built through a process of listening and discussion with a progressively larger group of editors.

Once you think that the initial proposal is well-written, and the issues involved have been sufficiently discussed to form a local consensus among early participants, start an RfC for your policy or guideline proposal in a new section on the talk page, and include the {{rfc|policy}} tag along with a brief, time-stamped explanation of the proposal. After that, you can provide, if you want, a detailed explanation of what the page does and why you think it should be a policy or guideline. The {{proposed}} template should be placed at the top of the proposed page; this tag will get the proposal properly categorized.

The RfC should typically be announced at the policy and/or proposals village pumps, and you should notify other potentially interested groups. If your proposal affects a specific content area, then related WikiProjects can be found at the Wikipedia:WikiProject Council/Directory. For example, proposed style guidelines should be announced at Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Manual of Style, which is the WikiProject most closely related to style issues. If your proposal relates to an existing policy or guideline, then leave a note on the talk page of the related policy or guideline. For example, proposed style guidelines should be announced at Wikipedia talk:Manual of Style, which is the main guideline for style issues. Try to identify the subcategory of guideline or policy (see {{subcat guideline}}). Proposals involving contentious subjects or wide-ranging effects should normally be listed on Wikipedia:Centralized discussion for the duration of the RfC. Rarely, a particularly important proposal may be advertised via a watchlist notice; sitenotices (which are displayed to all readers, not just to active editors) are not used for proposals. RfCs for policy and guideline proposals are normally left open for at least one week, and sometimes as long as a couple of months.

To avoid later complaints about insufficient notice, it may be helpful to provide a complete list of the groups or pages that you used to advertise the proposal on the talk page.

Editors should respond to proposals in a way that helps identify and build consensus. Explain your thoughts, ask questions, and raise concerns; all views are welcome. Many editors begin their response with bold-font ‘vote’ of support or opposition to make evaluation easier. Editors should sign their responses.

Ending a discussion requires careful evaluation of the responses to determine the consensus. This does not require the intervention of an administrator, but may be done by any sufficiently experienced independent editor (an impartial editor not involved in the discussion) who is familiar with all of the policies and guidelines that relate to the proposal. The following points are important in evaluating consensus:

Discussion may be closed as either Promote, No consensus, or Failed. Please leave a short note about the conclusion that you came to. Update the proposal to reflect the consensus. Remove the {{Proposed}} template and replace it with another appropriate template, such as {{Subcat guideline}}, {{Policy}}, {{Essay}}, {{Wikipedia how to}}, {{Information page}}, or {{Failed}}.

If a proposal fails, the failed tag should not usually be removed. It is typically more productive to rewrite a failed proposal from scratch to address problems than to re-nominate a proposal.

An accepted policy or guideline may become obsolete because of changes in editorial practice or community standards, may become redundant because of improvements to other pages, or may represent unwarranted instruction creep. In such situations editors may propose that a policy be demoted to a guideline, or that a policy or guideline be demoted to a supplement, informational page, essay or historical page. In certain cases, a policy or guideline may be superseded, in which case the old page is marked and retained for historical interest.

The process for demotion is similar to promotion. A talk page discussion is typically started, the {{Under discussion|status|Discussion Title}} template is added to the top of the project page, and community input is solicited. After a reasonable amount of time for comments, an independent editor should close the discussion and evaluate the consensus.

The {{Disputed tag}} template is typically used instead of {{Under discussion}} for claims that a page was recently assigned guideline or policy status without proper or sufficient consensus being established.

Essays, information pages, and other informal pages that are only supported by a small minority of the community are typically moved to the primary author’s userspace. These discussions typically happen on the page’s talk page, sometimes with an RfC, but they have at times also been conducted at Miscellany for deletion (despite the MFD guidelines explicitly discouraging this practice). Other pages are retained for historical reference and are marked as such.

Policies and guidelines can be edited like any other Wikipedia page. It is not strictly necessary to discuss changes or to obtain written documentation of a consensus in advance. However, because policies and guidelines are sensitive and complex, users should take care over any edits, to be sure they are faithfully reflecting the community’s view and to be sure that they are not accidentally introducing new sources of error or confusion.

Because Wikipedia practice exists in the community through consensus, editing a policy/guideline/essay page does not in itself imply an immediate change to accepted practice. It is, naturally, bad practice to recommend a rejected practice on a policy or guideline page. To update best practices, you may change the practice directly (you are permitted to deviate from practice for the purposes of such change) and/or set about building widespread consensus for your change or implementation through discussion. When such a change is accepted, you can then edit the page to reflect the new situation.

Talk first. Talk page discussion typically precedes substantive changes to policy. Changes may be made if there are no objections, or if discussion shows that there is consensus for the change. Minor edits to improve formatting, grammar, and clarity may be made at any time.

If the result of discussions is unclear, then it should be evaluated by an administrator or other independent editor, as in the proposal process. Major changes should also be publicized to the community in general; announcements similar to the proposal process may be appropriate.

If wider input on a proposed change is desired, it may be useful to mark the section with the tag {{Under discussion|section|talk=Discussion Title}}. (If the proposal relates to a single statement, use {{Under discussion-inline|Discussion Title}} immediately after it.)

Or be bold. The older but still valid method is to boldly edit the page. Bold editors of policy and guideline pages are strongly encouraged to follow WP:1RR or WP:0RR standards. Although most editors find advance discussion, especially at well-developed pages, very helpful, directly editing these pages is permitted by Wikipedia’s policies. Consequently, you should not remove any change solely on the grounds that there was no formal discussion indicating consensus for the change before it was made. Instead, you should give a substantive reason for challenging it and, if one hasn’t already been started, open a discussion to identify the community’s current views.

Editing a policy to support your own argument in an active discussion may be seen as gaming the system, especially if you do not disclose your involvement in the argument when making the edits.

If policy and/or guideline pages directly conflict, one or more pages need to be revised to resolve the conflict so that all of the conflicting pages accurately reflect the community’s actual practices and best advice. As a temporary measure during that resolution process, if a guideline appears to conflict with a policy, editors may assume that the policy takes precedence.

More commonly, advice pages do not directly conflict, but provide multiple options. For example, WP:Identifying reliable sources says that newspaper articles are generally considered to be reliable sources, and Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources (medicine) recommends against newspaper articles for certain technical purposes. Editors must use their best judgment to decide which advice is most appropriate and relevant to the specific situation at hand.

The page names of policies and guidelines usually do not include the words “policy” or “guideline”, unless required to distinguish the page from another.

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